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bengal linen sarees and its weaving technique

Linen is considered as one of the oldest fabrics in the world and it is believed that it was discovered in Turkey in 7000 BC. In Indian history, linen has been mentioned for numerous times in the holy books like Vedas, Puranas, and Upanishads and in ancient literature. pure linen sarees price have become a rage in recent years. The hand-woven linen saris from Phulia exhibit simplicity, beauty and elegance.Shantipur is the largest Handloom Sarees Designs hub in the country of more than 70,000 handlooms providing employment to more than 0.1 million people.

Although a little heavy on the pocket, linen is ideal for hot climate as it doesn’t cling to the skin and allows the body to breathe. It is a best fibre made from the stalk of flax plants. The smoothness and richness of fabric and the classic look of the linen saris when paired with ethnic jewelleries make it a perfect blend for making a fashion statement.

In 1683 - 1694 during the ruling of Nadia king Rudra Roy sari weaving was practised. Later, The British controlled the industry through East India Company and the yarn was hand spun. In 1920-1925 Shri Durga Das Kastha introduced barrel Dobby facilitating the conversion of the throw shuttle to Fly Shuttle. Later Shri DebbendraNath Mukherjee introduced the Jacquard Machine and 100 hook capacity Jacquard was first installed by ShriJatindraNathLohori for producing varieties during the third decade of twenty century. Sectional warping and sizing was introduced by ShriHazari to produce a warp of 350 yards in length. Today, mostly fly shuttle looms of width 52 - 56 inches are being used in the cluster with 100 to 150 hooks Jacquard. Damask linen is a perfect example of linen woven on Jacquard loom.

Extra warps and extra weft and border designs are only possible with jacquards.There are around 111 different weaving communities namely the Pramanik, Kastha, Dalal, Khan and all the weavers have good weaving skills for weaving sari on Jacquard looms. The process takes around 3 to 4 hours or more depending on the nature of the design and capacity of jacquard. This Jacquard designs gives lots of value addition to the fabric during weaving. And very often designs are produced during weaving by inserting weft threads by hand.

The price of the hand-woven Bengal Linen saris varies as per the quality, weft and design. The material used in the weft defines the type of linen. Like Cotton Linen saris where the weft is cotton; then there is Silk Linen sari where the weft is silk and Pure Linen saris in which the weft and warp are both linen. A lot of designers are designing pure linen saris which are hand-woven using the contemporary jamdani sarees price weaving technique, mostly in geometrical patterns, like tapestry work where small shuttles of coloured, gold or silver threads are passed through the weft. Jamdani is spun by hand and foot tools and may take two full time weavers more than a year to complete. Vibrancy of colours and richness of motifs make it stand apart.

Bengal Linen saris represent the legacy of Bengal handloom saris. Known for its natural richness and undeniable attractiveness these saris are durable and have ethnic value

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